(Original title: Zuckerbergextendshisannualpersonalchallengetodecade - longthemes,listinganewprivatesocialplatform,AR\/ VR,andnewformsofcommunitygovernance)
Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook's chief executive, usually sets a \"personal challenge\" for the New Year in January, but this year he announced he would abandon the tradition, according to NetEase Technology News, Jan. Instead, he will \"focus on the big five long-term goals\" over the next decade, prioritizing projects that will take longer to integrate, primarily to address problems encountered by young people, smaller and more intimate social platforms, opportunities for small businesses, AR\/VR technology, and regulatory issues.
For the past decade, every time I meet the New Year, I set up a personal challenge. My goal is to keep growing in new ways beyond managing Facebook's day-to-day work. These challenges have taught me to speak Mandarin, write AI assistants for my residence, read more books, run more roads, learn to hunt and cook, and become more comfortable with public speaking.
When I started these challenges, my life was almost always about how to develop a Facebook site. There's too much to learn now. At Facebook, we are building many different applications and technologies, from new private social platforms to augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) technologies, and we are taking on more social responsibility. Outside Facebook, I'm a father of two now and I love being with my family, working on our charity and making progress on the sports and hobbies I've developed over the years. So while I'm glad I've been taking up the challenge every year for the last decade, it's time to do something different.
Over the next decade, I will focus on longer-term goals. Instead of challenging it year after year, I try to think about what I hope the world and personal life will look like in 2030, so I can make sure I'm focused on these things. By then, if everything goes well, my daughter Max will be in high school, and we will have the technology to feel really with others, and wherever they are, scientific research will help cure and prevent more diseases and make our average life expectancy more years.
One of the reasons I wanted to give people a say when I started Facebook was that I thought it would give our generation more power. I think this generation has important things to express, but not enough attention. It turns out that it is not just my generation who feel marginalized and need more say, and that these tools have given more power to many different groups in society. I'm glad there are more people who have a say, but that hasn't brought the generational changes I'd hoped for in addressing important issues. I think that will happen in the next decade.
Today, many important institutions in our society are still not doing enough to address the problems faced by the younger generation, such as climate change to runaway education, housing and health costs. But as millennials and more younger generations can vote, I expect this to start changing quickly. I expect that by the end of the century, more institutions will be operated by Millennials and more policies will address these issues in a more long-term way.
In many ways, Facebook is a millennial company that takes this generation into account. In the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, we focus on long-term efforts that will primarily help our children's generation, such as investing in the treatment, prevention and management of all diseases they may face, or making primary education more personalized to meet the needs of students. Over the next decade, we will focus more on funding and platforms for young entrepreneurs, scientists, and leaders to achieve these changes.
The internet gives us the super-strength to connect with anyone anywhere. It's incredibly empowering, meaning that our relationships and opportunities are no longer confined to where we live. We are now part of a vast community of billions of people with unparalleled vitality, cultural and economic opportunities.
But it is precisely because the community is so large that it presents many challenges that make us eager to remain intimate. When I grew up in a small town, it was easy to have a small sense of mission. But it's hard to find your unique role in a community of billions of people. In the next decade, many of the most important social infrastructure will help us rebuild the smaller communities and let us have that kind of affinity again.
This is one of my most exciting areas of innovation. Over the next five years, our digital social environment will be very different, re-emphasizing private interactions and helping us build the smaller communities that everyone needs in their lives.
The fastest growth in the past decade has been in the technology sector. Over the next decade, I expect technology to continue to create opportunities, but more by making all the other parts of the economy make better use of technology to achieve faster growth.
Our main focus is on helping small businesses. In our service, more than 100 million small businesses have reached out to customers, most of them through free way. What they need to do these days is build accounts on Facebook, Instagram or WhatsApp, and then either communicate with people for free or buy ads to spread their message more widely. In the next decade, we want to build business and payment tools so that every small business can easily access the same technology that was previously owned only by large companies.
If we can do that, anyone can sell products through stores on Instagram, send messages and support to customers through Messenger, or immediately transfer money to other countries at low cost via WhatsApp, which will greatly help create more opportunities around the world. In the final analysis, a strong and stable economy depends on broad success, and the best way to do so is to make small businesses effective as technology companies.
The technology platforms of the past decade were mobile phones, and the platforms of the previous decade were about the web, while the platforms of the 1990s were desktop computers. Every computing platform becomes more ubiquitous and we can interact with it more naturally. Although I expect that mobile phones will remain our main device platform for most of the next decade, at some point we will get breakthrough AR glasses that will redefine our relationship with technology.
Both AR and VR can provide a sense of presence, as if you were on the spot, really staying with someone else or somewhere. The next platform will not keep us away from the people around us, but will help us get along more with others and help technology get rid of obstacles. Although many of the early AR and VR devices looked clunky, I think these will be the most humane and socialised technology platforms people have ever built.
The ability to \"show up anytime and anywhere \"will also help address some of the biggest social problems of our time, such as rising housing costs and geographical inequalities of opportunity. Today, many people feel they have to move to the city because there are jobs there. But many cities do not have enough housing, so the cost of housing is soaring and the quality of life is declining. Imagine what happens if you can live anywhere you choose and get any job anywhere else. If we can achieve the desired goal, it should be closer to reality by 2030.
The big question for the next decade is: how should we manage the big new digital communities brought about by the Internet? Platforms like Facebook must weigh in on social values that we all value, such as between free speech and security, between privacy and law enforcement, or between creating open systems and locking in data and access. There are few clear \"correct \"answers, and in many cases it is equally important to make decisions in a way that the community feels legitimate. From this perspective, I don't think private companies should make so many important decisions about basic democratic values.
One way to solve this problem is by strengthening regulation. As long as our government is considered legitimate, the rules established through the democratic process can add more legitimacy and trust than those defined by companies alone. I think it would be helpful for the government to establish clearer rules in many areas, including elections, harmful content, privacy and data portability. I have called for new regulation in these areas, and I hope that over the next decade we can make more clear rules about the Internet.
Another or even better way to solve this problem is to build new ways of self-management for the community. An example of independent governance is the oversight committee we are creating. Soon you will be able to appeal your dissenting decision to an independent committee that will have the final say on whether to allow something. In the next decade, I hope to use my position to establish more community governance rules and more such institutions. If successful, it could serve as a model for other online communities in the future.
In the next decade, we have a lot to do and a lot to learn to help achieve the above goals. I wish you all a good start in the new year and the next decade! (small)