A total of 296 projects and 12 science and technology experts were selected for the 2019 National Science and Technology Awards, of which, academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, Huang Xuhua, and the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Zeng Qing, won the top national science and technology award.
The Beijing_Daily reporter noted that 21 of the 33 winners have come from Beijing since the country's top science and technology award was set up in 2000.
The State Supreme Science and Technology Award was established by the State Council of the People's Republic of China in 2000.
The 71 achievements completed under the auspices of the Beijing regional units were awarded the National Science and Technology Award, of which one was the first prize, four were the first prize and 66 were the second prize, accounting for% of the total number of awards for general projects in the country. As the national scientific and technological innovation center, Beijing has achieved remarkable achievements in innovation and development, and has made numerous achievements in basic research, key core technology and other fields, supporting the construction of innovative countries and the world scientific and technological power.
Since last year, not only has the prize winner's bonus been raised to 8 million yuan, but the distribution structure has also been reformed, the bonus all belongs to the individual control, and the national science and technology award three big prize bonus quota also increases 50% simultaneously.
According to media reports, after winning the prize last year, Qian Qihu academician donated all the 8 million yuan bonus to charity, and set up a student fund in his hometown of Kunshan.
“8 million I don't have a concept right now, I told you, I don't want the money, it's going to become a burden to me, it's going to be bad. I will discuss with the unit, at least to put out a considerable part of our unit to set up a reward fund. There's no plan yet, you can't boast about it.
Huang Xuhua, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, chief designer of China's first generation attack-type nuclear submarine and strategic missile submarine, is known as the father of \"China's nuclear submarine \". It is he who led a group of scientific researchers incognito, hard to attack, so that the Chinese have a no longer threatened \"sword.\" On September 17,2019, President Xi Jinping signed a presidential order granting Huang Xuhua a \"Republic Medal.\"
In 1926, Huang Xuhua was born in Haifeng County, Guangdong Province. In 1958, China's nuclear submarine project was formally approved, and Huang Xuhua went to Beijing in secret and was appointed chief engineer for the development of nuclear submarines. For the next 30 years, he never told his family what he was doing, and friends and family didn't know where he was or what he was doing. The only contact method is an internal mailbox numbered 145. It wasn't until 2013 that his story was gradually \"exposed\" that relatives and friends learned about it.
In 1988, mr huang visited his mother, a 95-year-old mother who looked at her son without choking. It was 30 years since their mother and son were separated, and Huang Xuhua,62, had white hair on his temples. Huang Xuhua's father did not know what his son was doing until he died.
In order not to be bullied by foreign powers, the chinese must develop their own nuclear submarines, but the development is extremely difficult: no one has ever seen a real nuclear submarine, and their only physical material is a model of two children's nuclear submarines brought back from abroad.
Even so, researchers have meticulously begun research. By calculating and comparing, they found that the toy model matched the data collected from the media, which boosted everyone's confidence. almost every link of the development is a challenge. There was no computer at the time, and all the data could only be counted on the abacus and the scale. Often for the sake of a data, they will be counting day and night, race against the clock.
In the course of scientific research experiment, Huang Xuhua often leads the way. In 1988, a new type of submarine had to be tested for the ultimate depth in the final stages of its development. Deep diving test, the risk is high, any weld, a pipe, a valve, if cannot withstand the sea pressure, will cause the boat to die. In spite of his dissuasion, Huang Xuhua insisted on going into the boat together.
The submarine began to dive at 50 meters,10 meters, and then gradually 5 meters,1 meters slowly deeper and deeper, as soon as 300 meters, the top shell of the submarine was subjected to huge water pressure, multiple positions clicked. Such sounds are creepy 300 metres underwater. Huang Xuhua calmed down and directed the testers to record the data until the final victory. After success, Huang Xuhua excitedly picked up a pen to write a few words: Hua Jia Chi Weng, Zhi Tan Long Gong. The waves are rough, and the joy is in them! Huang Xuhua himself dived 300 meters, becoming the world's chief designer of nuclear submarines in person to do deep diving test.
Zeng Qingcun, a member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and research fellow of the Institute of Atmospheric Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, is a champion of meteorological forecasting in China. Nowadays, with the support of the numerical weather forecast model, the overall accuracy of weather forecast in China has been in the forefront of the world, which has greatly reduced the loss of human production and life caused by meteorological disasters. Because of outstanding achievements and contributions, in 2016, the United Nations World Meteorological Organization awarded him the top prize of the organization, the International Meteorological Organization Award.
In 1935, Zeng Qingcun was born into a poor peasant family in Yangjiang, Guangdong. In 1952, he successfully admitted to the physics department of Peking University, and then responded to the call to study meteorology. After graduating from university, mr tseng was selected to study at the institute of applied geophysics at the soviet academy of sciences, where he worked as a leading meteorology expert, kibel. It was also here that he made a huge breakthrough in numerical forecasting in the field of meteorology.
At that time, foreign scientists had tried to carry out numerical prediction, that is, to establish a set of equations describing the evolution of the weather according to the principle of atmospheric dynamics, to input the observation data as the initial value, and to use the computer numerical solution to predict the future weather. But the prediction effect is not ideal, because the original equation system contains a lot of variables of atmospheric elements to be calculated, such as temperature, air pressure, humidity, wind direction, wind speed and so on, but also contains the motion process with vortex and various fluctuations, and the calculation is very complicated. After several failures, tsang qing-cun studied hard and finally realized the key point of understanding. This result was immediately applied to the World Meteorological Centre in Moscow, where the accuracy of the forecast had increased to 61 per cent. Since then, numerical forecasting has become the main method of weather forecasting.
After returning to China, Zeng made great contributions in the field of meteorological satellites. In 1974 he published a 300,000-word monograph, The Principles of Atmospheric Infrared Telemetry, which laid the theoretical foundation for using satellites for meteorological monitoring. To this day, this theory is not outdated, ensuring that our meteorological remote sensing technology is among the leading countries in the world.
Today, mr. tseng,85, is sticking to the scientific front line. As long as he is physically permitted and not on business, he goes to the offices of the Institute of Atmospheric Physics almost every day to see how young researchers are doing their research and hear what they think. He has been focusing on the growth of young researchers, happy for every step they have achieved.